Identifying Suicide Methods and Warning Signs
Knowledge is one of the best tools people working to prevent the suicide of a friend, loved one or person in their care can have. Understanding common suicide methods and warning signs of suicide are helpful to helping to reduce suicide risks.
While suicide rates have been on the decline in Australia, it remains a public health concern as about one percent of all deaths in Australia are caused by suicide, according to the Australia Bureau of Statistics. The act is more common among men than women, as there are about four male suicides to every one female suicide each year. Suicide rates are the highest in the Northern Territory and Tasmania, while Victoria and New South Wales have the lowest suicide rates in Australia.
Common Suicide Methods
Surprisingly, hanging is the most common method of suicide in Australia, constituting a larger percentage of all suicide deaths in Australia than drug overdoses or self-inflicted gunshot wounds. About 40 percent of all suicide deaths in Australia are related to hanging.
Men are more likely to commit suicide by hanging than women, although a high percentage of female suicides are also facilitated by hanging. Drug overdose is also a frequently used method of suicide, but is more likely to be availed of by women than men. Men are more likely to commit suicide by using firearms than women, but suicides by self-inflicted gunshot wounds have decreased since the mid-1990s, caused in part by enhanced restrictions on gun ownership.
Preventing Suicide Deaths
If someone you know is considering suicide, one of the best things you can do for them is to reach out and offer them comfort, help and assistance. By offering support, you can play a crucial role in convincing your friend or loved one that their life has value and convincing them to seek help.
Also, if you’re a caregiver for someone contemplating suicide, you can reduce the risk of suicide by making some of the methods of suicide unavailable. For example, you may remove prescription drugs, firearms and rope and other materials from the easy access of someone in your care, such as a child or aged parent.
By making it more difficult to gain access to potentially dangerous objects used in the most common suicide methods, you may be able to frustrate suicide attempts, gaining enough time to get the necessary help to prevent the act.
By being aware of suicide methods and taking steps to make these methods more difficult, you can help prevent suicide in the short term, but a program of mental health care is vital to treating the underlying issues that are contributing to your friend or loved one’s desire to end his or her life.
If you would like information about how to get help please go here to our resources page.